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Behavioral Management Select Publications

Baker, K.C., Bloomsmith, M.A., Neu, K., Griffis, C., & Maloney, M. (2010). Positive reinforcement training as enrichment for singly-housed rhesus macaques. Animal Welfare, 19:307-313.

Martin, A.L., Bloomsmith, M.A., Kelley, M.E., Marr, M.J., & Maple, T.L. (2011). Functional analysis and treatment of human-directed undesirable behavior exhibited by a captive chimpanzee. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44:139-143.

Perlman, J.E., Bloomsmith, M.A., Whittaker, M.A., McMillan, J.L., Minier, D.E. and McCowan, B. (2012). Implementing positive reinforcement animal training programs at primate laboratories. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 137(3-4): 114-126.

Baker, K.C., Bloomsmith, M.A., Oettinger, B., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Schoof, V. and Maloney, M. (2012). Benefits of pair housing are consistent across a diverse population of rhesus macaques. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 137(3-4): 148-156.

Bloomsmith, M.A. (2012). Preface (to the volume on Laboratory Primate Welfare). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 137(3-4): 103-105.

Griffis, C.M., Martin, A.L., Perlman, J.E., Bloomsmith, M.A. (2013). Play Caging Benefits the Behavior and Activity of Singly-Housed Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) in the Laboratory. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 52(5): 534-540.

McMillan, J.L., Perlman, J.E., Galvan, A., Bloomsmith, M.A., and Wichmann, T. (2014). Refining the pole and collar method of restraint: Emphasizing the use of positive training techniques with rhesus macaques. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 53: 61–68.

Baker, K.C., Bloomsmith, M.A., Oettinger, B., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Schoof, V. (2014). Comparing options for pair housing rhesus macaques using behavioral welfare measures. American Journal of Primatology 76:30–42.

Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M.A., Perlman, J.E., Meeker, T.L., and Remillard, C.M. (2014) Abnormal behavior in captive sooty mangabeys. Animal Welfare, 23: 167-177.

Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Franklin, A., Griffis, C. and McMillan, J. (2015) Positive reinforcement methods to train chimpanzees to cooperate with urine collection. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 54: 66-69.

Clemmons, E.A., Gumber, S., Strobert, E., Bloomsmith, M. and Jean, S.M. (2015). Self-Injurious behavior secondary to Cytomegalovirus induced neuropathy in an SIV infected rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). Comparative Medicine, 65(3):266-70.

Crast,J., Bloomsmith, M.A. and Jonesteller, T. (2015). Effects of changing housing conditions on mangabey behavior (Cercocebus atys): spatial density, housing quality, and novelty effects. American Journal of Primatology, 77:1001-1014.

Clay, A.W., Bloomsmith, M.A., Bard, K.A., Maple, T.L. and Marr, M.J. (2015). Long-term effects of infant attachment organization on adult behavior and health in nursery-reared, captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology,129(2):145-59. doi:10.1037/a0038901

Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M.A. and Jonesteller, T.J. (2016). Behavioral effects of an enhanced enrichment program for group-housed sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 55: 756-764.

Truelove, M.A., Martin, A.L., Perlman, J.E., Wood, J.S., Bloomsmith, M.A. (2017). Pair housing of macaques: A review of partner selection, introduction techniques, monitoring for compatibility, and methods for long-term maintenance of pairs. American Journal of Primatology 79:1–15. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22485. PMCID: PMC6419744

Bloomsmith, M A, Hasenau, J, and Bohm, R P. (2017). “Functionally Appropriate Nonhuman Primate Environments” as an Alternative to the Term “Ethologically Appropriate Environments”. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 56: 102-106.

McMillan, J.L., Bloomsmith, M.A., Prescott, M.J. (2017). An international survey of approaches to monkey chair restraint. Comparative Medicine 67:442-451.

Truelove, M.A., Martin, A.L., Perlman, J.E. and Bloomsmith, M.A.. (2017). Comparing Two Methods of Social Separation for Paired Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 56:729-734.

Clay, A.C., Bard, K.A., Bloomsmith, M.A. (2018). Effects of sex and early rearing condition on adult behavior, health, and well-being in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behavioural Processes 156:58-76.

Maple, T.L. and Bloomsmith, M.A. (2018). Introduction: The Science and Practice of Optimal Animal Welfare. Behavioural Processes 156:1-2.

Martin, A.L., Franklin, A.N., Perlman, J.E. & Bloomsmith, M.A. (2018). Systematic Assessment of Food Item Preference and Reinforcer Effectiveness: Enhancements in Training Laboratory-Housed Rhesus Macaques. Behavioural Processes 157:445-452. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2018.07.002.

Bloomsmith, M., Clay, A., Lambeth, S., Lutz, C., Breaux, S., Lammey, M., Franklin, A., Neu, K., Perlman, J., Reamer, L., Mareno, M.C., Schapiro, S.J., Vazquez, M., and Bourgeois, S. (2019). A Survey of Behavioral Indices of Welfare in Research Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the United States. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: 58(2):160-177. doi: 10.30802.


Perlman, J., Horner, V., Bloomsmith, M., Lambeth, S., & Schapiro, S. (2010). Positive reinforcement training: Social learning, and chimpanzee welfare. In: EV Londsdorf, SR Ross, & T Matsuzawa (Eds.), The Mind of the Chimpanzee (pp. 320-331). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Coleman, K., Bloomsmith, M.A., Crockett, C.M., Weed, J.L. and Schapiro, S.J. (2012). Behavioral management, enrichment and psychological well-being of laboratory nonhuman primates. Pp 149-176 in Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research (Eds: Abee, C.R., Mansfield, K., Tardiff, S. and Morris, T.), Academic Press, New York, NY.

Christina Winnicker, Paul Honess, Steven J. Schapiro, Mollie A. Bloomsmith, Rick Lee, Brenda McCowan, Brooke Oettinger, and Joe H. Simmons. (2013). A Guide to the Behavior & Enrichment of Laboratory Macaques. Charles River Guidebook Series.

Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Perlman, J, Hutchinson, E. and Sharpless, M. (2018). Behavioral Management Programs to Promote Laboratory Animal Welfare. Chapter in Management of Animal Care and Use Programs in Research, Teaching and Testing, Second Edition. (Eds) Robert Weichbrod, Gail Thompson and John Norton. CRC Press.

Baker, K, Bloomsmith, M, Coleman, K, Crockett, C, Lutz, C., McCowan, B., Pierre, P., Weed, J., and Worlein, J. (2017). The Behavioral Management Consortium: A Partnership in Promoting Consensus and Best Practices. Pp 9 – 23 in the Handbook of Primate Behavioral Management, Steven Schapiro (Ed), CRC Press, New York.

Bloomsmith, M. (2017). Behavioral Management of Laboratory Primates: Principles and Projections. Pp 497- 513 in the Handbook of Primate Behavioral Management (Ed) Steve Schapiro. CRC Press, New York.